Photograph of Taughannock Falls in Tompkins County, New York.

Here on Earth

The place where you are right now has a rich geological history that is recorded by the rocks beneath you and the fossils that they may contain. The rocks and fossils reveal the movements of continents and the evolution of new forms of life. This history helps to explain why the Earth looks like it does today. It also explains things like the distributions of natural resources, from rare minerals to rich soils for agriculture. Studying Earth's ancient climate also helps us to make sense of how the climate is changing today and how it will affect us where we live.

The goal of this part of the [email protected] project is to explain the Earth science of every region of the United States and provide necessary background information. We are beginning with coverage of the southeastern and northeastern United States. More regions will be added regularly, so please check back soon.


Development of the Here on Earth part of [email protected] is supported by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (ARPML-250637-OMLS-22). The views, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this website do not necessarily represent those of the Institute of Museum and Library Services.

Graphical logo for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS).

Introductions to Earth Science Topics

Quick introductions to Earth science topics, including minerals, rocks, fossils, climate, energy, Earth hazards, and more.


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Image showing a variety of different kinds of minerals.

Southeastern United States

The southeastern United States includes West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Major regions include the Inland Basin, Blue Ridge and Piedmont, and Coastal Plain.

Topics covered include generalized overviews of the geologic history of the Southeast, as well as its climate and Earth hazards. Detailed information about the rocks, fossils, topography, energy resources, and mineral resources of each subregion is also included.


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Simple map showing the southeastern United States and its several major physiographic regions.

Northeastern United States

The northeastern United States include Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland.

Pages online now describe the geologic history of the northeastern United States, as well as the rocks of the Inland Basin region.


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Map showing the states of the northeastern U.S.