Photograph of West Mitten Butte and East Mitten Butte, Monument Valley, Utah and Arizona.

Introductions to Earth Science Topics

Quick overviews of the Earth science topics that are explored in greater detail in each individual region of the United States, along with other related [email protected] resources.

Minerals

Introduction to minerals, how they form, their classification, and their uses.


Introduction
Image showing a variety of different kinds of minerals.

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Rocks

Overview of the three major groups of rocks (sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic), examples of each, and introduction to the rock cycle.

Introduction
Photograph of rocks in Hawaii, including pieces of black basalt and white limestone made by corals.

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Fossils

A quick guide to the major groups of common fossils.

Introduction
Photograph of a trilobite fossil.

Climate

Introduction to climate, including what climate is, past climate, present climate of the United States, and future climate.

Introduction
Photograph of a lake in northern Wisconsin.

Energy

Introduction to energy, including definition of energy, fossil fuel types and their extraction, renewable energy, and the future of energy.

Introduction
Photo of a coal-fired power plant in Kentucky.

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Earth Hazards

Introduction to major types of Earth hazards, including natural disasters like earthquakes, tornados, and floods.

Introduction
Photograph showing damage resulting from the San Francisco Earthquake of 1906.

Topography (coming soon)

Coming soon: introduction to topography.

Photograph of the Blue Ridge Mountains taken in North Carolina.

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Geologic History (coming soon)

Coming soon: introduction to geologic history.

Geologic map of the northeastern U.S.

Resources

Quick overviews of the Earth science topics that are explored in greater detail in each individual region of the United States, along with other related [email protected] resources.


Resources
Nineteenth century drawings of mastodon teeth collected from Big Bone Lick in Kentucky.